What is a Gross Lease?

A gross lease, most common in commercial leases, is one in which the tenant pays a flat fee for rent, and the landlord is responsible for covering all operating expenses associated with the property.

Operating expenses typically include property taxes, insurance, utilities, maintenance, and other related costs. Essentially, the tenant’s rent is all-inclusive, and the agreement provides simplicity and predictability in financial obligations, as the tenant does not have to pay directly for the property’s operating expenses.

Key Components

A gross lease simplifies the financial arrangement between commercial landlords and tenants. Let’s examine some key components to understand how they work.

The key components include:

  • Fixed Rent: The tenant agrees to pay a predetermined, fixed rental amount at regular intervals (often monthly).
  • Inclusive Operating Expenses: The fixed rent covers various operating expenses, including property taxes, insurance, utilities, maintenance, and other agreed-upon costs.
  • Landlord’s Responsibilities: The landlord assumes responsibility for managing and covering additional costs beyond the fixed rent, ensuring a well-maintained property.
  • Simplicity for Tenants: Tenants benefit from a simplified payment structure, as they don’t have to manage separate operating expense bills.
  • Financial Stability: The tenant is shielded from operating cost fluctuations, offering financial stability and uniformity regarding monthly rental expenses.
  • Lease Term: Specifies the duration of the lease agreement, outlining the period for which the fixed rent and other terms are applicable.
  • Utilities and Services: While the fixed rent often covers essential utilities, the lease may outline specific services or utilities included in the agreement.
  • Late Fees: A given lease may stipulate that the landlord could charge fees and penalties for missed payments, so the consequences of late payments are clearly defined.
  • Renewal Terms: The lease will likely provide details about lease renewal options, terms, and conditions to clarify when it is time to renew the lease.

Pros and Cons

All lease structures have pros and cons for landlords and tenants alike.


  • Gross leases offer tenants simplicity and financial stability through a fixed rent covering operating expenses, which can simplify budgeting.
  • Landlords benefit from marketability and reduced administrative burden.


  • Potential drawbacks include higher overall costs for tenants and limited control over expenses.
  • Landlords bear the risk of fluctuating operating costs.

Gross Lease vs. Triple Net Lease

In a gross lease, tenants pay a fixed rent covering operating expenses while landlords manage additional costs.

In a triple net lease (NNN), tenants pay a base rent plus property expenses like taxes, insurance, and maintenance, leading to potential cost savings and increased payment variability and financial responsibility.

Common Scenarios Where a Gross Lease is Used

Gross leases are commonly used in retail spaces and multi-tenant office buildings, where the landlord wants to offer tenants a straightforward payment structure.

How TurboTenant Can Assist

While gross leases are usually utilized in the commercial real estate industry, some residential landlords may opt for one to offer simplicity and stability to tenants.

Suppose you’re a landlord who wants to provide gross leases to your tenants. TurboTenant’s state-specific lease agreements offer lease-building services that empower landlords to efficiently create leases that implicitly state which utilities are included in rent.

And with digital signatures, you and your tenants can agree to terms faster than ever.

What is a modified gross lease?

A modified gross lease, or modified net lease, strikes a balance between a gross lease and a net lease. In this arrangement, the tenant pays base rent plus some of the operating expenses. This agreement offers a middle ground where both landlord and tenant share property costs.

What is a full-service gross lease?

In a full-service gross lease, the tenant pays a fixed rent that includes all operating expenses such as property taxes, insurance, maintenance, utilities, and common area maintenance (CAM).

Consider it an all-inclusive deal for the tenant. Tenants know exactly how much they’ll pay, which makes budgeting and financial planning easier.

In a residential gross lease, how are utility expenses typically handled, and what is the benefit for tenants in this arrangement?

In a residential gross lease, utility expenses are often included in the monthly rent, providing tenants with predictable costs. Fluctuations typically occur with seasonality (tenants need heat in winter and A/C in summer), and tenants won’t need to account for temperature swings nor how they may impact their utility bills.

What are the typical operating expenses of a gross lease for commercial properties?

The typical operating expenses included in a gross lease for commercial properties often encompass property taxes, insurance, utilities, maintenance costs, and other shared building expenses.


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